Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a surface or material (substrate), except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil. A blade or squeegee is moved across the screen to fill the open mesh apertures with ink, and a reverse stroke then causes the screen to touch the substrate momentarily along a line of contact. This causes the ink to wet the substrate and be pulled out of the mesh apertures as the screen springs back after the blade has passed. One colour is printed at a time, so several screens can be used to produce a multicoloured image or design.
Small print runs are worked on in single studio sessions making each print one of an edition. A screen print will be marked with the number of its edition, for example: 1/20 means the 1st print of 20, 2/20 means the 2nd print of 20 and so on. In a print run, variations in colour and texture will occur which means every screen print itself is unique.
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